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Concussion Rehabilitation


  • Understand what a concussion is and how they occur
  • Learn the signs and symptoms that can be indicative of a concussion
  • Become aware of the referral process and the treatment that will be provided


Referral to a Physical Therapist

Patients most often are referred to physical therapy from a sports medicine, orthopedic, neurologic or primary care physician when dysfunction is noted that can be address and assisted by a physical therapist. Our physical therapists have specialized training in concussion rehabilitation techniques to help patients reduce symptoms and get back to their normal activities.

What is a concussion?

The American College of Science Medicine defines a concussion as an injury to the brain resulting from a sudden force, which causes the brain to move around in the skull and may result in swelling and chemical changes. This can occur following a low or bump to the head; however, not all blows to the head result in a concussion. Many people with concussions may recover in 7-14 days. Those with multiple concussions or delayed concussion rehabilitation treatment may incur post-concussive syndrome, in which symptoms may linger for weeks to months.

Concussion Rehabilitation Treatment Details

  • Our goal is to alleviate all concussion related symptoms so that you may return to a normal, symptom free life.
  • Vestibular (balance and dizziness), oculomotor (how our eyes interact with the world), cognitive (recalling information and memory), and cardiovascular (increasing our heart rate for exercise or daily activities) exercises will be incorporated into your treatment. Some exercises will bring on symptoms, which is normal. By inducing symptoms in a controlled manner, we are retraining the brain to adapt to these demands.
  • Symptoms can be limited at home, school, and work by minimizing screen time, especially at night, and learning when your body and brain need to rest.
  • Exercises will slowly increase in duration and intensity as your treatment progresses and your brain begins to heal.
  • All individuals are different, so there is no specific time period in which a full recovery will occur.
  • We also offer Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test, a new standardized tool that can assess whether or not a patient is cardiovascularly ready to return to full activities in conjunction with concussion symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Irritability
  • Personality changes
  • Heightened emotions
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Clumsy or off balance

Rehab Associates Physical Therapy Concussion Specialists:

Cate Lowe PT, DPT
(Clifton Clinic)

Cate is originally from Lynchburg, Virginia, and graduated from Virginia Tech in 2018 with a bachelor’s in Human Nutrition, Food, and Exercise. Dr. Lowe graduated from the University of Lynchburg with my Doctor of Physical Therapy in May 2021.

Jordan Molstre

Jordan Molstre PT, DPT,
AIB Certified in Post-Concussion Management
(Forest Brook Clinic)

Dr. Molstre received a Bachelor of Science in Allied Health from Cedarville University in 2011, and a Doctorate in Physical Therapy from the Lynchburg College in 2016. Dr. Molstre’s areas of special interest include general orthopedics, vestibular and concussion management.

Tuba Bayrum

Tuba Bayram, PT, DPT, MBA
Clifton Street Clinic)

Tuba received her Doctorate of Physical Therapy Degree from Northwestern University in Chicago, IL in 2017. She received a Certificate of Achievement in Vestibular Rehabilitation from Emory University in Atlanta, GA. Her interests include general orthopedics, neurology, gait & balance and vestibular therapy

Rachel Thibault PT, DPT
(Forest Brook

Rachel Thibault is a native of Pittsburgh, PA, and earned her bachelor’s degree from Grove City College in Pennsylvania. She then went on to receive her Doctor of Physical Therapy degree from Franklin Pierce University in New Hampshire, where she was inducted into the PT Honor Society for academic excellence. Rachel has a special interest in vestibular and concussion rehabilitation, as well as general orthopedics.

Concussion rehabilitation is provided at the following locations:


Clifton Street Clinic

Phone: 434.528.1848


Forest Clinic

Phone: 434.525.4851


Rustburg Clinic

Phone: 434.332.3904


  1. Karlson, K. Concussion in Sports [Internet]. ACSM 2011 [cited 2017 July 21]. Available from:
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. What is a Concussion? [Internet]. Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [updated 2017 Jan 31; cited 2017 July 20]. Available from:
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